1 Dozahn

Essay On Astronaut Rakesh Sharma Biography

Taranah-e-Hindi or Saare Jahan Se Accha, Hindustan Hamara was penned by the poet, Muhammad Iqbal in 1904 but was eternalised in the year, 1984 by the first Indian in space, Rakesh Sharma. He was born on January 13 in the year 1949.Listed are some facts you should definitel

Taranah-e-Hindi or Saare Jahan Se Accha, Hindustan Hamara was penned by the poet, Muhammad Iqbal in 1904 but was eternalised in the year, 1984 by the first Indian in space, Rakesh Sharma. He was born on January 13 in the year 1949.

Listed are some facts you should definitely know about the first Indian to travel in space:

  • Born in Patiala, Punjab, Sharma, as a young boy, studied in Hyderabad
  • After completing his education, he enrolled in the National Defense Academy (NDA) as an Air Force trainee in 1966
  • The focused and dedicated student was commissioned into the Indian Air Force to become a pilot, four years after he completed his training
  • After joining the Indian Air Force as a test pilot, he rolled open several opportunities such as being a part of war operations against Pakistan
  • As a part of a joint programme between the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Soviet Intercosmos space programme, Sharma was selected on September 20, 1982 to become a cosmonaut and go into space
  • When he flew aboard the Soyuz T-11, on April 2 in 1984, he became the first citizen of India to go into space
  • He spent seven days 21 hours and 40 minutes in space
  • His work was in the arenas of bio-medicine and remote sensing
  • While in space, the whole crew had a television news conference with officials in Moscow and the then Indian Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi
  • Saare Jahan Se Achcha were the words Sharma recited when he was asked how India looks from outer space by Indira Gandhi. Watch here:

  • He became the 128th person to travel to space and India became the 14th nation to send a man to outer space
  • A few years later, he became a part of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) as a test pilot
  • He was conferred with the Hero of Soviet Union upon his homecoming
  • Sharma was also conferred with the Ashoka Chakra.

Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs? Click here to stay informed and know what is happening around the world with our G.K. and Current Affairs section.

To get more updates on Current Affairs, send in your query by mail to education.intoday@gmail.com

Rakesh Sharma is India's first pioneering pilot who has made a mark in history and set a benchmark for other aspiring individuals. Read this biography for an idea on his profile and life.

Home : Famous Indians : Others : Rakesh Sharma

Rakesh Sharma

Born On: January 13th, 1949
Born In: Patiala in India
Career: Test Pilot and Cosmonaut

During the mid-80's, Rakesh Sharma proved to be a pioneer in the field of piloting. He was the first Indian to venture into space and bring a new perspective into the country. It was almost 26 years ago that since Rakesh undertook that historical journey to space, although it is still remembered among the people. Owing to his dedication and struggle, he became a part of the most distinctive space program that involved only the best military cadets. The Intercosmos Research Team was a program that was conducted by the Soviet Union and included active participation from allied countries such as India, Syria and France. Rakesh Sharma was chosen for this assignment and ever since, he has been an inspiration to upcoming cosmonauts. If you are interested in learning more about this great personality, read the following.

Early Life
On January 13th 1949, Rakesh Sharma was born in the well-known district of Patiala located in the state of Punjab. As a young boy, he enrolled at St. George's Grammar School in Hyderabad and received his early education from there. Thereafter, he was admitted to the National Defense Academy as an Air Force plebe in July 1966. Rakesh proved to be a focused and dedicated student and by 1970, he was commissioned into the Indian Air Force to become a pilot.

Career
In 1970, after joining the Indian Air Force as a test pilot, his passion for flying opened up several opportunities such as being a part of war operations against Pakistan. He flew various Mikoyan-Gurevich aircrafts starting from 1971. Rakesh swiftly progressed through many levels and in 1984 he was appointed as the Squadron Leader and pilot of the Indian Air Force.

After some years, he was asked to go on an extraordinary mission as a combined space program between Indian Space Research Organisation and the Soviet Intercosmos.

He spent eight days journeying around the Earth's orbit in a space station called Salyut 7. The flight Soyuz T-11 also carried two other astronauts from Soviet Union. On 3rd April 1984 when the space flight took off, Rakesh had made history by being the first Indian to travel in space. His responsibilities included capturing multi-spectral images of the Northern part of India with a view to construct a hydroelectric power station close to the Himalayas. In an interview to the press, he described this experience as the best feeling ever. Rakesh also said that the space venture involved rigorous training (zero gravity exercises) for him and Rakesh Malhotra, his colleague.

A few years later he retired from the Indian Army as a Wing Commander to become a part of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) as a test pilot. He was posted in the Nashik Division. He then shifted to National Flight Test Center (NFTC) in Bangalore and began to work on Light Combat Aircraft program, along with a few others.

In 2006, Sharma took part in a conference involving a gathering of the best scientists of ISRO, who were responsible for one of India's space missions. Currently, he has retired from his services and is now the chairperson for the Automated Workflow.

Awards And Accolades
Apart from the first Indian to be on space, he has been awarded by the Government for his gallantry on successfully completing the given mission. The Hero of Soviet Union and the Ashoka Chakra Award were two of the accolades given to honor his courageous deeds.

Timeline
1949: Rakesh Sharma was born in Patalia into a Punjabi family.
1966: He joined the National Defense Academy as an Air Force trainee.
1970: Appointed as a test pilot by Indian Air Force.
1971: Rakesh Sharma flew the Mikoyan-Gurevich, a Russian jet.
1984: He was a part of a space mission owing to which he became the first man to travel to space.
2006: He took part in a space conference held by ISRO.



Comment On This Article

Leave a Comment

(0 Comments)

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *