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Harvard Case Study Referencing Websites

There are actually four types of case studies: Harvard Business School, Ivey Business School, Textbook Case Study, and Online Case Study. Formats and an example of each type are detailed below.

Harvard Business School Case Study

General format:

Author(s). (Year). Title of case study. HBS No. number of case study. City, State abbreviation or Country
             of publication: Publisher.

Examples:

Smith, S. (2003). Leadership. HBS No. 7-806-122. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing.

 

Ivey Business School Case Study

General Format:

Author(s). (Year). Title of case study. Ivey ID: number of case study. City, State abbreviation or Country
             of publication: Publisher.

Example:
Leech, L. (2005). Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 - Understanding the requirements and the Canadian
             response. Ivey ID: 9B05B009. London, Canada: Ivey Publishing.

Textbook Case Study
General Format:
Author(s) or editor(s) of the chapter or entry or case study. (Year of book). Title of chapter or entry or
    case study. In First initial. Last name, & First initial. Last name (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xx-xx).
             City, State abbreviation or Country of publication: Publisher.
Example:
Pederson, S. (2008). The XYZ Group. In J. Ness, Cases in digital processing (pp.11-20). Saskatoon, Canada:
             CDMA Publishing.

Online Case Study
General Format:
Author(s). (Year). Title of case study: Subtitle of case study. Title of Journal, Volume (issue), page
             number(s). Retrieved from URL of the article (case study)
Example:
Andre, P. (2003). Corporate governance and the information gap: The use of financial and non-financial
             information in executive compensation. Ivey Business Journal, 67(6), 1-6. Retrieved from
             http://libezproxy.nait.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/
             login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=10508033&site=ehost-live&scope=site

In-text Citation Examples for all Case Studies
… as Byron concluded in the case study (2010, p. 105).
OR: The case study concluded the same results (Byron, 2010, p. 105).

These guidelines are based on the sixth edition (2010, second printing) of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and the FAQs on the APA website.

When citing case studies in APA style you'll want to include the typical citation elements and apply general formatting guidelines. The following are examples of how case studies could be cited in APA style, but be sure to check with your professor about how they'd like you to cite case studies in your work.

In-Text Citations

Kotter (1990) explains the steps British Airways took to reverse a horrible customer service atmosphere and financial crisis.

or

… as the case study concluded (Bisell & Tram, 2007).

or

Groysberg and Connolly (2015) concluded in their case study that….

Reference List

Example (don't forget to indent the second and subsequent lines):

Author(s). (Year). Title of case study. HBS No. number of case study. City, State abbreviation or Country of publication: Publisher.

Example, one author:

Kotter, J. (1990). Changing the Culture at British Airways. HBS No. 491-009. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing.

Example, two authors:

Groysberg, B., & Connolly, K. (2015). BlackRock: Diversity as a Driver for Success. HBS No. 415-047. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing.

More information:

For further help please contact the Wolak Learning Center at 603.645.9606 (UC Students) and Online Writing Center at 866.721.1662 (Online/COCE Students) for assistance with in-text citations.

You may also want to check out:

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite a Harvard Business Review case study in your class assignments and projects.

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