Disaster Management In India Essay For Kids
We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on is the United Nations unnecessary in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Introduction of disaster Management, Classification of disaster, Define disaster management and elaborate its contribution to the society, Some important Acts passed by the Government of India to help victims of disasters, The initiatives taken by NDMA and DRR, Various governments schemes, The shortcomings of the role played by the government and Need of well-equipped and advanced technology to tackle the problem.
Nature has no limit, when it attacks with all its anger, it does not differentiate between rich or poor, rural or urban, women or children; it ruins the havoc on everyone under their clutch. A disaster is a serious disorder that attacks human beings by human beings, including extensive destruction of human, physical, environmental harm etc.
Disaster can be classified as a natural and man-made disaster. Some of the natural disasters are landslides, hurricanes, forest fires, storms, floods, earthquakes, droughts, hailstorms and tsunami. Natural disaster can take different forms and limits or durations, but it is certain to strike the loss of life and infrastructure. Where a natural disaster is an event where nature attacked the unmanned area, thereby causing no loss of life or property.
Man-made disasters are caused or induced disasters from human activities. This includes chemical spills and groundwater pollution, electrical service blackout, radiological emergencies, reservoir-induced earthquake, nuclear leakage, terrorism, civil unrest and many more dangerous material emergencies. Man-made disasters are equally vulnerable because they create a bigger threat to both, people and property.
Disaster management comes in light because in India there is a lot of loss of life and property in the past. Disaster management is a very important process that can be defined as an active measure to reduce the loss of life and property, measures of rescue, relief, rehabilitation and recovery. This is the creation of schemes through which communities can reduce the vulnerabilities against hazards and confront disasters. This does not end the catastrophe, but to reduce its impact, this concept is very important for society and nations, because it understands or destroys human mortality, loss of revenue and assets due to planning and failure to make an effective armor Can damage. By passing and enforcing various laws and acts, the government has stepped up a strong foothold to create a standard plan for disaster management.
The Disaster Management Act, 2005 provides institutional, legal, financial and coordination mechanism at the center, state, district and panchayat or municipal level. This Act establishes National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister with a tenure of five years.
It helps in laying out plans and policies for effective management and implementation of the Disaster Management Act. There is also a provision for setting up National Disaster Management Team and National Disaster Management Institute. National Disaster Management Force has played a major role in the floods of Jammu and Kashmir recently, the Hoodhad Cyclone 2014, Chennai in 2015, floods and Nepal earthquake 2015.
Under this Act, the National Executive Committee provides a draft for National Disaster Management Plan and its timely review and updation to ensure it. Secretary level officer of the Government of India presides over the National Executive. This work is vulnerable to its structural and functional rigidity and centralized attitude of bureaucrats headed by various offices. Therefore, it is imperative that for a smooth coordination between state and non-governmental organizations, fast action plan in the time of disaster should be prepared for NDMA's greater effectiveness and efficiency.
Under the same Disaster Management Act, provision has been made for the Authority at the state and district levels. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is a policy that exposes comprehensive frameworks for disaster relief.
There are mainstream DRRs in the strategy of development in key areas identified in the DRR; Awareness and increase in preparedness; Strengthening the initial warning system with the help of science and technology; Strengthening the Rescue and Relief Mechanism "Many government schemes like better rehabilitation and reconstruction health, food security, agriculture, rural and urban development, drinking water, housing etc., which the government operates in the areas to reduce the impact of disasters in India Does.
The National Health Mission is different for health programs, rural and urban areas under the aegis of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Some very successful programs are Polio Eradication Program, Vector Birth Disease Control, National Immunization Planning Rainbow etc.
For food security, welfare programs under the government include programs for the National Food Safety Act, Lactating Mothers, which provides adequate nutrition to mother and child such as Iron and Folic Acid.
These programs take care of sustainable development goals to reduce hunger and malnutrition, which has the ability to inadequate damage to future generations, which is a slow-moving disaster.
Several new schemes like Prime Minister Crop Ill Scheme (Peak Insurance Scheme), Pradhan Mantri Krishi Irrigation Scheme (Irrigation Program), Soil Health Card Scheme and Paramparaget Agricultural Development Scheme (organic farming scheme) have been started under the agro class.
This scheme will effectively save the hard work of farmers from natural calamities such as drought, flood, insect pests; Irrigation program will ensure adequate water supply to reduce the number of farmer suicides in Vidarbha, Telangana etc. in dry areas.
Housing schemes introduced in recent days include Housing for All, 2022 (Urban) and Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Rural (Rural). It will serve the purpose of saving over extreme temperatures (heat waves and crust mercury) and marginal rainfall or cyclones such as marginalization.
The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was based on the idea of being reactive so far from an active perspective. However, recently LitRarkhand flood has suggested business as a general perspective. Apart from this, policy compliance at different levels of government is weak. Buildings are not in line with Indian Standards Bureau, Flexible Infrastructure and Fire Trucks, access to residential areas is rare. Apart from this, systemic inefficiency has worked hard to strengthen the government's development programs in the mainstream. Technological advancement has been integrated to some extent, yet many untouched areas are sensitive.
The second sector of the obstacle in funding for disaster management. According to the World Bank report, due to disaster every year, India loses 2% of its gross domestic product. Apart from this, disaster assessment is done only at face value in India. The way these disasters affect the livelihood of the victims, is not responsible for them. Disaster is a state subject in India, hence the state has the responsibility of providing assistance and assistance to each state.
We have two institutional funds in India, i.e. National Disaster Management Fund and National Disaster Mitigation Fund. We also have a crisis management committee at the national level headed by the Cabinet Secretary and Head of the Government, but still we have well equipped and learned techniques, adequate funds, community at all levels to prevent or rebuild loss and damage. Participation and coordinated efforts are required.
ESSAY ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT
A disaster is a very serious disturbance in the functioning of a community and society as a fall-out widespread human, material, or environmental losses that exceed the ability of the affected population to cope with its own resources.
To manage this disaster is the discipline by which man has to make continuous efforts to reduce the harm caused by the disasters. India is a disaster-prone country. In fact, there is no such country which is safe from disasters. There are two types of disasters, natural disasters and man-made disasters.
Natural disasters are the disasters caused due to natural reasons which are beyond the control of humans including floods, hurricanes, earthquakes and volcano eruptions that have immediate impacts on human lives.
Man-made disasters are known as the complex emergencies are the disasters caused due to major accidents like fires, road accidents, murders, terrorist attack, etc.
Disaster management is the primary and secondary plans made by peoples to reduce the risk of disasters and to cope up with disasters.
Disaster management in India
National disaster management authority (NDMA) is the apex body which is mandated to lay down the policies and guidelines for disaster management to ensure timely an effective response towards disasters. A separate fund called as “national disaster management fund” (NDMF) is also there for exclusive mitigation.
Functions performed by the NDMA are
- Policies formation for disaster management
- Mitigation of disasters, Approval of the plans laid down
- Formation of funds for the purpose of mitigation of disasters
- Running various programs and imparting guidelines.
Effects of disasters
There are both direct and indirect impacts of the disaster which has been deadly destructive and damaging effects on human’s life. There is a loss of life as well as livestock.
Prevention and control of natural disaster
The natural disaster is inevitable, even if we have measures to predict or forecast the disaster we can’t stop them from happening. The best which can be done is to avoid the practices which are hazardous for the environment which are leading towards environmental degradation, while preparing plans for our disaster management. Once a disaster is occurred it leads to a massive destruction and loss of life. In case of the disaster like earthquakes, floods etc. Where a number of humans are displaced and post-disaster there are a number of causalities. This is the time when the actual emergency comes into effect by giving first aid to the injured ones, providing the rescue operations and relief operations to the victims.
The most vulnerable sections in these disasters are the poor. Hence it is necessary to mobilize them towards preparedness. The quick and timely response is the essence in providing immediate relief and rescue operations to save the human lives and mitigate miseries as soon as possible. The response mechanism envisages that on receiving signals of a disaster happening or likely to happen, all activities related to the mitigation process are activated without loss of time.
Disaster management is a collective and coordinated effort. A number of activities need to be performed in the event of a disaster. This involves the coordination, command, and full control, rapid assessment of damage, restoration of power, tele communication and surface transport, the deployment of search and rescue teams, medicals and para-medical teams, water for drinking and food material, setting up of temporary shelters, sanitation and hygiene identification and earmarking of resources, last but not the least, maintenance of law and order is equally important.
Each and every person must take an active part in disaster management to reduce the risk of human life. The proper disaster management team which can take charge as soon as possible when the disaster strikes.